Navratri 2020 Dates

Navratri is celebrated four times in a year. From these four Navratris, two navratris are most important i.e. Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri. Sharad Navratri is celebrated at the beginning of the Ashwin (autumn) that comes in month of October or November and ends on the ninth day with Durga Puja/Ayudha Puja celebration followed by Dussera on 10th day. Chaitra Navratri is celebrated at the beginning of Chaitra (spring) that comes in the month of March or April and culminates on the ninth day with Ram Navami celebration. Both these Navratri mark the time of conversion, where environment sheds the old and gets invigorated; animals hibernate and life appears in afresh in the spring.

Types of Navratri:

According to Hindu Lunar Calendar, Navratri is celebrated four times in a year. Below we have mentioned the names of the four Navratris and according to western calendar, in which month devotees celebrate these navratris.

Navratri 2020
Four Navratri in a Year

Vasanta Navaratri: March - April
Ashada Navaratri or Gupt Navratri: June - July
Sharada Navaratri: September - October
Magha Navaratri: January - February

The first day of the Navratri festival begins with Ghat Sthapana and it ends with Kumari pooja, which has been performed on the ninth day by worshipping the nine small girls. This festival is celebrated in every nook and corner of India by the people, who leave no stone unturned to celebrate it in a grand manner. Though the festival of Navratri is celebrated in all the states of India, yet it is the actual flavor and enthusiasm in Bihar, Bengal, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. Every year, lots of devotees with full devotion and dedication worship Goddess Durga in Navratri time. They believe that if they worship Goddess Durga, all their desires will be fulfilled.

Navratri 2020 Dates Information:

Navratri is known to be a festival of nine nights, which is celebrated in order to honor nine embodiments of Goddess Durga. For full nine days, the devotees worship nine forms or incarnation of Goddess Durga and keep fast. Below we are mentioning the Navratri dates for Chaitra Navratri 2021 and Sharad Navratri 2020.

2020 Sharad Navratri Dates:

Hindu festival Sharad Navratri is one of the best festivals, celebrated with different styles and manners in the different states of India. During this holy period, Devotees establish pictures and idols of Goddess Durga at the place of pooja in their homes.

Sharad Navratri 2020 Dates: 17th October, 2020 to 25th October, 2020

Sharad Navratri is the most prominent in all four Navratris that is why it is also called the Maha Navratri. According to Lunar Calendar, Sharad navratri is celebrated in the Pratipada, the first day of the bright fortnight of Hindu month Ashvin. It is the starting of the winter season during Sharad Navratri.

Sharad Navratri 2020 Dates and Nine Days Information:
Navratri Day 1 - October 17, 2020 (Saturday) - Ghatsthapana, Shailputri Worship
Navratri Day 2 - October 18, 2020 (Sunday) - Brahmacharini Worship
Navratri Day 3 - October 19, 2020 (Monday) - Chandraghanta Worship
Navratri Day 4 - October 20, 2020 (Tuesday) - Kushmanda Worship
Navratri Day 5 - October 21, 2020 (Wednesday) - Skandamata Worship
Navratri Day 6 - October 22, 2020 (Thursday) - Katyayani Worship
Navratri Day 7 - October 23, 2020 (Friday) - Kalaratri Worship
Navratri Day 8 - October 24, 2020 (Saturday) - Maha Gauri Worship
Navratri Day 9 - October 25, 2020 (Sunday) - Sharad Navratri End, Siddhidatri Worship
Navratri Day 10 - October 26, 2020 (Monday) - Dussehra Festival

2021 Chaitra Navratri Dates:

Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri is celebrated during the Shukla Paksha of Hindu Chaitra month. According to Hindu mythological Lunar Calendar, Chaitra Navratri also marks the start of the Hindu New Year and Spring Season (Vasant Ritu). Like Sharad navratri, all nine goddess are worshiped during Chaitra navratri too. According to Gregorian calendar, Chaitra navratri is celebrated during the month of March-April.

Chaitra Navratri 2021 Dates: 13th April, 2021 to 21st April, 2021

In North Indian cities, Chaitra navratri is more popular and celebrated with high devotion. In Maharashtra, Chaitra navratri starts with Gudi Padwa festival and in Andhra Pradesh it starts with Ugadi festival. The first day of the chaitra navratri starts with Ghatsthapana puja and Kalash sthapana.

Navratri Fasting Procedure and Rules:

Every state in India has different manner and rituals to celebrate Navratri. People observe fasting during Navratri festival period, It is believed that devotees who carry out Navratri fasting will find happiness and prosperity on earth and will receive ‘moksha.’ Both men and women observe the Navratri Vrat from the first day to the ninth day. Some devotees do fast for nine days and some for first and eighth day. People take bath in the morning and evening during this period before observing navratri puja at home. Some people even drink water only after the ritual bath in the morning. Throughout the Navratri, devotees evade alcohol, non-veg foods etc. if someone want to use salt then they used rock salt for taste. Navratri fasting rules are very strict and devotees have to follow these carefully to get the blessings of Maa Durga.

Navratri Fasting Rules

Keeping fast during navratri is hard, especially for those who are keeping fast for continuously nine days. They can not use the dishes, which are prepared using salt. Other than salt, devotees have to follow navratri fasting rules strictly. Below check the Navratri fasting Rules..

1- Can not eat Onion, Mustard Oil

2- Can not consume Alcohol, Cold Drinks

3- Can not take non-veg good and eggs

4- Even Salt is restricted during Navratri 9 days (Some people use Sendha Namak (Rock Salt))

5- Smoking is also not allowed during Navratri

6- People can not shave their beard and cut their hairs.

7- People can not prepare food by using mustard oil, asafoetida and lentils etc.

8- Try to avoid purchasing sweets from market, if you want to eat sweets then prepare at home.

Things to use During Navratri Fast:

People can eat various things during the Navratri fast. Devotees can use some specific flours, fruits, vegetables, milk made products and use many ingredients for cooking recipes. Below we are putting detailed information on these..

1- Can use Coconut, Coconut water and make the dishes like Coconut ladoos.

2- Singhare ka aata, Kuttu ka aata, Rajgire ka aata can be used to prepare dishes like Halwa, Poori nd Paratha etc.

3- Can use ingredients like Jeera, Kali Mirch, Elaichi

4- Take Milk, Curd, Butter, Paneer and prepared the dishes by milk.

5- Can use Sugar, Jaggery for making Sweet items

6- People can prepare dishes by using following vegetables such Aalo, Arbi, Papaya, Raw Banana and Lauki etc.

7- All type of fruits, milkshakes and Juice

8- All Dry Fruits, Roasted or can use in preparing Kheer, Halwa etc.

Nine Goddess of Navratri:

During both Navratri - Chaitra & Sharad, devotees worship nine different forms of Maa Durga. During each day, devotees worship one goddess until the nine days of navratri and chant mantras to please the goddess. It is mentioned below that which goddess should be worshiped during 9 days of navratri. Chaitra Navratri is starting from 13th April, 2021 and will be celebrated till 21st April, 2021. Check below which goddess is worshiped on each day during navratri 2021 and what mantras, devotees need to Chant on each day.

Navratri Day 1 - Maa Shailputri

On the first day of navratri goddess Shailputri is worshiped by the devotees. In the Sanskrit language, Goddess Shailputri meaning is “The Daughter of Mountain (Lord Himalaya)”. She is also known as goddess Vrisharudha and goddess Sati. Goddess Shailputri has Trishul in her right hand and lotus flower in left hand.

Mantra to Chant:

Vande Vanchhitalabhay chandrardhakritshekharam |
Vrisharudham Shooldharam Shailputreem Yashasvineem ||

Navratri Day 2 - Maa Brahmacharini

Goddess Parvati’s unmarried form is worshipped as goddess Brahmacharini. Goddess Brahmacharini did very hard penance (Tapasya) to get the boon of marrying lord Shiva. In the portrait, Goddess Brahmachairni is seen as bare feet. In her right hand, she holds Jap Mala and Kamandal in the left hand.

Mantra to Chant:

Dadhana Karpadma abhyamaksh Mala kamandalu |
Devi Prasidatu Mayi Brahmacharinya Nuttama ||

Navratri Day 3 - Maa Chandraghanta

Goddess Chandraghanta is worshiped on the third day of navratri. She is the married form of goddess Parvati. She adorns the half Chandra on her forehead, which looks like the bell (Ghanta) so she is known as Devi Chandraghanta. She looks very beautiful and mesmerizing in the portrait. Maa Brahmacharini rides on tiger and has ten hands. In her four left hands, she carries Trishul, Gada, Sword and Kamandal while the fifth left hand is in the form of Varada Mudra. She holds the Lotus flower, Arrow, Dhanush and Japa Mala in her right hand and the fifth hand is in the form of Abhaya Mudra.

Mantra to Chant:

Pindaj Pravara Rudha Chand Kopastra Keyurta |
Prasadam Tanute Maham Chandra Ghanteti Vishruta ||

Navratri Day 4 - Maa Kushmanda

Goddess Kushmanda, the fourth incarnation of Maa Durga is worshiped on the fourth day of Navratri. The meaning of Kushmanda says all the things about goddess, “Ku” means little, “Ushma” means energy or warmth and “Anda” means cosmic egg. It means she has created the whole universe in the form of a cosmic egg with her smile. Goddess Kushmanda has the power to live inside the Sun and it is also believed that she provides the direction and energy to Sun so we can say that she governs the God Sun in all way.

Goddess Kushmanda is also known as Maa Adishakti, Ashtabhuja devi, Smaanda devi and Adiswarup Mata. The glow and radiance of her body is like Sun. Her vehicle is lioness and has eight hands. She holds the Jar of nectar, Jap Mala, Gada and Chakra in her left hand while in her right hand she holds Kamadal, Bow, Arrow and Lotus.

Mantra to Chant:

Sura Sampurna Kalasham Rudhira Plutmev Cha |
Dadhana Hastpad Mabhyam Kushmanda Shubh Dastu Me ||

Navratri Day 5 - Maa Skand Mata

Skand Mata is worshiped on the fifth day of Navratri. Goddess Parvati is the mother of lord Kartikeya (Lord Skanda) so she is known as Skand Mata. She is the symbol of mother-son relationship. The devotees who worship Skand mata are automatically worshiping the lord Kartikeya in his child form.

The complexion of goddess Skandmata is pure white. She is riding on a ferocious lion and has four hands. She holds the lotus flower in upper two hands. In her one hand, she holds the lord Skanda in his infant form and one hand is in Abhaya Mudra pose. She is also known as Goddess Padmasana, Maheswari and Mata Gauri.

Mantra to Chant:

Sinhasan Gata Nitayam Padmashrit Kardvaya |
Shubhdastu Sada Devi Skanda Mata Yashashvini ||

Navratri Day 6 - Maa Katyayani

Maa Katyayani is the sixth incarnation of goddess Durga, worshiped on the sixth day of navratri. Goddess Katyayani is the most violent goddess in the nine goddess of navratri. She is the warrior goddess, who killed the demon Mahishasur. She is the symbol of strength, victory of good over evil and knowledge. Her vehicle is a powerful lion and has four hands. Goddess Katyayani holds the lotus flower and sword in her left hand while right hands are in Abhaya mudra and Varada mudra.

Mantra to Chant:

Chandra Hasojvalakara Shardul Var Vahna |
Katyayini Shubham Dadhya Devi Dan Vaghatini ||

Navratri Day 7 - Maa Kalratri

The most horrified appearance of Durga is in the form of Kalratri, which is seventh aspect of maa Durga. The seventh day of Durga Puja is the law of worship of Kaalratri. Her personality is extremely fearful, angry. In her appearance, she has red eyes, open red tongue and sword in her hand violently demolish devils and monsters. Her vehicle is donkey. She is also glorified with name “Kali Mata”. She has three round eyes and scattered long black hair. In this form of goddess Kali, she killed the demon Sumbh and Nisumbh.

Kalaratri another meaning is “the Death of Kaal”. Therefore, there is no need to fear or terrorize the devotees in any way. She always gives the auspicious results to their devotee. That is why, she is also known as Shubankari too. By worshiping goddess Kalaratri, devotees can get rid of all the sins and troubles.

Mantra to Chant:

Ekveni Japakarnapura Nagna Kharastitha |
Lamboshthi Karnikakarni Tailabhyakta Sharirani ||
Vaampadolla Salloh Lata Kanthak Bhushna |
Vardhan Murdha Dhvaja Krishna Kalratri Bhayankari ||

Navratri Day 8 - Maa Maha Gauri

Eighth day of navratri is known as Maha Ashtami. On the eighth day of navratri, goddess Maha Gauri is worshiped. Goddess Goddess Maha Gauri has very fair complexion (mesmerizing whitish look). Goddess Mahagauri has four hands. In her upper right hand, she carries Trishul and lower right hand is in Abhaya mudra. She holds the Damaru in upper left hand and lower hand is in Varada mudra. Here vehicle is bull (Vrishabha) due to this she is also known with the name Vrisharudha devi. She adorns white cloths only so she is also known as Shwetambardhara devi.

Mantra to Chant:

Shwete Vrishe Maha Rudha Shwetambardhara Shuchih |
Maha Gauri Subham Dadhyanmahadev Pramodada ||

Navratri Day 9 - Maa Siddhidatri

Ninth day of navratri is the last day of navratri, on which day goddess Siddhidatri is worshiped by the devotees. She blessed the devotees with all the siddhis so she is known as Siddhidatri Maa. Maa Siddhidatri governs the Ketu planet. She sits on lotus flower while her procession is lion. She holds the Gada (bludgeon) and Chakra in her right hands and Shankh (scallop shell) and lotus flower in her left hand.

Lord Shiva also got the siddhis by goddess Siddhidatri. Deva, Gandharva, Asura, Yaksha and Siddha also worshiped Maa Siddhidatri. In the “Ardhanarishwara” Swaroop of lord Shiva, goddess Siddhidatri is the left half part of the body.

Mantra to Chant:

Sidhha Gandharvay khshadher Surair Marair Api |
Sevya Mana Sada Bhooyat Siddhida Siddhidayini ||

Navratri Rituals:

During this period, a clay pot (symbolising universe) is kept in a sanctified section of one's home, and a lamp placed on it is kept lit continuously for nine days. During Navratri, the three manifestations of Goddess Shakti (Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati) are worshipped. Throughout nine days, Devotees chant mantras, hymns and sing songs to praise the goddess. People observe fast and carry out ‘Kanchika Pujan’, where nine girls representing the nine forms of Goddess Durga are worshipped. People follow all the procedures of navratri strictly to get the blessings of Maa Durga. The auspicious nature of Navratri makes it an ideal time of the year to start new ventures.

Navratri Celebration in India:

The Navratri festival brings an atmosphere of happiness and immense blessings. On this propitious day, a noisy echo of Garba dances and Dandiya have been performed in some parts of Gujarat and Maharashtra. In West Bengal, Durga Pooja is the another name of Navratri festival, which is equally famous among the people. It is a high belief that by worshipping Durga, a man is supposed to get more money than what he has donated ever. A plethora of believers like to donate money, food and many more things to a number of needy people on such grand occasion.